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Stimulants may not improve score or homework performance among ADHD children: Study

United Kingdom News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 10:04

A new study has not found stimulants to be effective in improving the grades or helping ADH children in completing their homework. The research is based on the comparison of the efficacy of medication against behavioral interventions in 75 children who attended a summer school program.

The students were randomly assigned to either receive behavioral treatment or a long-acting stimulant. Study’s lead researcher Brittany Merrill from Florida International University in Miami said that long-acting stimulants were not found to be helpful in improving homework performance.

In fact, behavioral interventions were found to be more effective when it came to improving homework performance among ADHD children. In the group that was taking medication, doctors worked with the children for more than two weeks to evaluate the correct dose of drugs.

In the next step, the researchers provided them with either a stimulant or a placebo for three weeks and then switched to see the effect of drugs on each child’s homework performance. In the case of behavioral therapy group, the researchers carried out a series of six two-hour group sessions for the first two weeks and then individual half hour session for the next two weeks.

There was no notable effect of medication on homework completion when compared with placebo. In the case of behavioral treatment, children were able to show improvement. The study indicates that things are little better with behavioral help.

Dr. Tumaini Rucker Coker from Dr. Tumaini Rucker Coker thinks that medication should not be completely sidelines. “It doesn't suggest that the child does not need the medication - it may suggest, however, that by evening hours when the effect of the medication has dissipated, behavioral interventions will be even more important to help the child get through evening homework time”, said Coker.

Region: United KingdomGeneral: HealthTNMFeaturedResearch

Ethics could impact Musk’s Mars colonization plan

United Kingdom News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 10:00

Lately, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has publicized his plans on Mars colonization. As per him, the one-way ticket to Mars would cost as less as $200,000 given the fact that Mars travel becomes a common thing.

There are a number of uncertainties with regard to Mars colonization plan, including whether or not humans would be able to survive the six-month trip through space and if SpaceX would ever be able to build the rocket needed to take humans to the Red Planet.

Even if Musk is able to sort out all these limitations of science, technology, and financing, there remains one thing that can damage Musk’s plans and that is ethics and may be space law. Any colonization demands a source of water.

But as per the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, no such activity is allowed as it can lead to harmful contamination of celestial bodies with life from earth. Microbe is one thing that can be found in every part of Mars.

All the spacecrafts that land on Mars need to be sterilized, but for now it is not known that whether or not bacterial life can form self-sustaining colonies on Mars. Also, all the missions aimed at other planets are bounded by planetary protection protocols.

It is under these protocols it is decided that on which areas a mission can land and where it cannot and also, the exploration limits are decided under these protocols only. Musk wants to send humans on Mars that are considered to be full of microbes meaning that there are high chances that the Red Planet would be contaminated with terrestrial life. Experts think that the medicine rule should be followed to explore Mars and that is no harm should be suffered to anyone.

Companies: SpaceXRegion: EuropeUnited StatesGeneral: TNMFeaturedSciencePeople: Elon Musk

90% of American teenagers do not follow minimum 60 minutes of recommended daily physical activity

United Kingdom News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 09:58

Despite the fact that the US has been facing obesity epidemic, not many efforts have been seen on the part of American teenagers to maintain their physical fitness. A new study has found that majority of American teenagers continue to lead their life in a sedentary manner.

As per the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than nine in 10 teenagers do not carry out at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity. The research paper published in journal Pediatrics has unveiled that physical inactivity is considered to be one of the main reason for causing childhood and adolescent obesity.

Study’s lead author Kaigang Li from Colorado State University in Fort Collins said that in the last three decades, childhood obesity rate has increased by more than double fold in children and by four times in teenagers.

Being overweight or obese put children and teenagers at risk of a number of health complications, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, bone and joint problems, sleep apnoea and psychological issues like poor self-esteem.

In the study, the researchers have evaluated exercise habits among a sample of 561 students in 10th grade at 44 schools that represented urban, suburban and rural communities. In the study’s start when the participants were 16 years of age, they were asked to wear activity trackers for a week so that the researchers could see how much physical activity is being carried out by them.

On an average, they were doing around 27 minutes of exercise each weekday and by the time they stepped into 11th grade, they moved to 28 minutes of exercise. On weekends, the exercise routine was quite in bad shape as the participants logged around 20 minutes in all.

The researchers think that it is responsibility of parents and teachers to come up with opportunities of exercise into children’s routine.

Region: United StatesGeneral: HealthTNMFeatured

U.S. FDA seeks public opinion on what they think ‘healthy’ should mean on food label

United Kingdom News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 09:04

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) wants to know from you what you think about ‘healthy’ when it is mentioned on a food label. The step is considered to be good advancement towards the plan to provide consumers with all the information so that they can make informed food choices.

FDA's Douglas Balentine said that they have started the public process from Tuesday and from Wednesday the matter has been opened for public comment. Balentine mentioned that they want to make sure that the healthy labeling claims remains applicable for everyone.

“For instance, the most recent public health recommendations now focus on type of fat, rather than amount of fat. They focus on added sugars, which consumers will see on the new Nutrition Facts label”, affirmed Balentine.

The recent step has been taken to encourage food manufacturers so they come up with better and healthier options. Their first step is to seek public input on different questions with regard to what ‘healthy’ should mean from the perspective of nutrition.

There are a number of questions that need to be answered including what should be the factors that should be considered for the new definition of healthy. The FDA said that it has also been thinking to organize public forums to have additional information on what stakeholders and consumer think and it might even take some time to come up with something concrete and substantial.

Time and again, the FDA has taken steps correcting companies if their products were misguiding consumers. To cite an example, the federal agency sent a warning letter to Kind that it cannot claim its fruit and nut bars as healthy because they contained a lot of saturated fat.

Companies: FDARegion: United StatesGeneral: HealthFeaturedTNM

Study highlights ways to lessen cholesterol levels other than statins

UAE News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 08:18

Statins work great when it comes to lowering cholesterol levels and reducing the risk of heart events. They are considered to be a safe option, but a new study has found that there are other ways as well to lessen the levels of cholesterol, including change in diet, surgery to shorten parts of the intestines and taking different drugs.

A research paper published in JAMA has unveiled that researchers have scanned 49 trials that involved nine different ways to lower cholesterol levels in over 300,000 people.

The cholesterol-lowering strategies fell into four main categories, including statins, other options that work akin to statins but are not statins like diet and drug ezetimibe, the new class of cholesterol-lowering drugs like PCSK9 inhibitors and the drugs like fibrates and niacin that increase HDL levels and lowers LDL levels in the circulation.

Study’s lead researcher Dr. Marc Sabatine, a cardiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital was of the view that statins and the options that worked like statins, but in reality they are not, lessened the risk of heart events by around the same amount.

The fibrates and niacin did not show any decline in heart events and the PCSK9 inhibitors have proven to be beneficial. The study findings are considered to be motivating. The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology has mentioned in its guidelines in 2013 to focus on statins as a first-line therapy.

Sabatine was of the view, “If you look at older versions of the guidelines, there was a focus on getting LDL cholesterol down through a series of different options”. The findings will prove beneficial for those who cannot tolerate statins.

General: HealthResearchBusiness: Pharmaceutical SectorRegion: United StatesEurope
Categories: UAE News

Compassion level for people with mental illness remains low

UAE News - Thu, 04/16/2020 - 08:16

Mental health disorder is considered to be the most common childhood disease. A data suggests that one in five adults suffer from it, but then also there is not much level of understanding or compassion about the disease.

It is not something new that people having mental illness have been seen under the light of negativity. They are actually discriminated and owing to this reason, people suffering from it avoid seeking medical help or discuss the condition with others.

Kana Enomoto, principal deputy administrator of the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration said that the societal outlook results into behavior and policy that make life more difficult for those having mental health issues.

Enomoto affirmed that it all depends on how you treat a person with mental illness. Despite being repeatedly said that people with mental illness should be not be looked upon with discrimination, the condition is these people are more likely to face legal action than receiving medical help.

The current scenario is that there is more number of people with mental illness in jails than in hospitals. Rather than receiving help, they are blamed for carrying out violence. Also, they have higher rates of homelessness.

For past 400 years, fear has driven mental health discrimination. In fact, in the 1700s, people having psychological conditions were put behind bars owing to their different behaviors as at that time authorities concerned did not know what else they can do.

Though things have changed in comparison with earlier days, there are still many targets to be achieved. A study has shared that even doctors do not take mental health as seriously as they should. There is a need to bring changes in thought process of people.

General: HealthResearchRegion: United States
Categories: UAE News

Economic Impact of Coronavirus on Organic Products Market

Organic Market Europe - Wed, 04/15/2020 - 16:10

Organic products have been gaining prominence and grabbing shelf space from conventional products over the last few years.